Through the pain period domestic wire and cable industry will face a new future

Published on:2015/1/7 11:23:38

Keyword:Cable, electric power, electrical, cable, cable, lead, electrical appliances
Introduction:30 years since reform and opening up, China's economic rapid development, various industries are also have great development.In electrical industry, f...

30 years since reform and opening up, China's economic rapid development, various industries are also have great development.In electrical industry, for example, in about ten years ago, electrical industry and comments from practice and actively promote resource saving and comprehensive utilization, and obtained remarkable achievements in carrying out cleaner production Angle.But in wire and cable industry, for example, high consumption, low efficiency of extensive development pattern has not changed radically, resource utilization rate is extremely low, which is caused by wire and cable manufacturing enterprise of the important reasons for the high production cost.

obviously, five to ten years in the future, China will still in the phase of industrialization and urbanization accelerating, the resources and environment situation of facing more serious.Electrical appliance industry to seize the current power industry development of important strategic opportunities, we must vigorously develop circular economy, according to the principle of "reduction, reuse, recycling", enterprises in the production of complete, should take various effective measures, to minimize the resource consumption and environmental costs as small as possible, to obtain the biggest economic output with the least waste.To, from design to technology, manufacturing, from economic, environmental and social benefit are unified to consider, to complete the production resource saving type and environmental friendly electrical manufacturing industry.

at present, the electrical industry production experience or one-way linear open economy, namely "discharge" resources - products - infection, and emissions of infection control.To be completed by the electrical industry can keep the development of each enterprise must according to the development of circular economy mode to planning for further development of the enterprise.In a certain sense, the competition of the enterprise, is the competition of technology, is the competition, promote efficiency of resources and resource.The essence of circular economy is through the adoption of high and new technology to improve resource utilization cleaner production, so the electric enterprises must make important adjustment mode of resource utilization and management, enterprises have to build environmental cost consciousness, to pay attention to the resources in the economic cycle reduction, product to use, the principle of the recycling of waste.

and if domestic wire and cable industry for inventory, we found that although the clean production comments for nearly ten years, but the wire and cable manufacturing enterprises for value less than the clean production, implementation is not enough.Columns such as conventional wire and cable products in production, use and waste treatment experience will produce severe infection, dioxins, of toxic substances such as lead, halogen will also produce.In money for many years, in Europe, America, Japan and other countries with the relevant pollution was very seriously of wire and cable, relevant government institutions is not only for wire and cable manufacturing experience to strict limits on emissions, and implement comprehensive monitoring for scrap wire and cable processing, forcing the wire and cable manufacturers to adopt to meet the requirements of environmental protection material to replace traditional materials, manufacturing environmental protection wires and cables or clean lines Cable products, green cable products.In Europe, America and Japan and other developed countries, various types and various USES of wire and cable, such as high and low voltage power cables, control cables, communication cables, Marine cables, vehicle use cable, radio frequency coaxial cable, telephone cable, instrument cable, branch cable, fiber optic cable used in construction, and the bag with environmental protection wires and cables, connectors, terminal has been widely used in environmental protection products, such as the environmental protection wires and cables has been left in the market in these fields.

Obviously,

to complete the clean production, and produce environmental protection wire and cable products, must grab from fountainhead, and in the experience of production from beginning to end of the stick to avoid the generation of hazardous substances.Green wire and cable products is the carrier of the circular economy, and finished products of environmental protection, the beginning of the core is designed.Green design and ecological design is based on the environment as the key, using the product whole life cycle assessment technology using part of the modern design method of many design method of unified as a whole, in order to achieve the overall optimal.China's wire and cable industry, or just started in the perspective of ecological design, relevant government departments and local agencies have made the relevant provisions.As early as a few years ago, Beijing and Shanghai has banned the use of PVC blame environmental protection wires and cables, railway and communications departments have also introduced the related regulations, in the future several years, with China building, traffic, transportation, communications power supply departments of all large and medium-sized cities, will also be implementing a total ban on using the environmental protection wires and cables.

, of course, in addition to the implementation of cleaner production is not in place, the domestic wire and cable industry there are other problems left over by history and the new problems, such as wire and cable in China are numerous (although fail every year a large number of) but a very small scale, the whole domestic wire and cable industry occupied by private enterprises, joint ventures and foreign enterprises.And other large Numbers of domestic private enterprises focus on the low-end market, low-end market caused heated competition and even malicious competition, while profit is higher in the high-end market is occupied by joint venture or foreign owned enterprise.

moreover, wire and cable industry in China compared with advanced foreign enterprises, the management level and process level and technical content, product quality and larger gap, low utilization rate of equipment.Chinese wire and cable equipment utilization rate at about 30%, utilization rate of equipment of advanced countries is in commonly 70% is normal.Labor productivity is low and the industry is also a big obstacle to a wire and cable manufacturing enterprises in our country.Despite starting in the 1980 s China's wire and cable industry a large number of imported production equipment, significantly enhance the industry labor productivity, but with the gap is still very large.Such as per capita sales of wire and cable industry in China is only 10% - 10% of their Japanese counterparts.

other is the material productivity low problem, severe and backward management, production cycle is long.Chinese enterprises in production, material consumption, waste is very serious, makes into productivity is very low.In money management perspective of Chinese wire and cable industry liquidity turns less than two times, far less than 9-11 times abroad.Finally, industry product structure has changed, because of the rapid development of China's electric power and communication cause, so the winding wire, electrical equipment with wire and cable proportion fell, but at the same time, product structure unreasonable phenomenon is becoming more and more prominent.

Obviously,

domestic wire and cable industry development is still in the imitation to independent research and development, from low-end to high-end market, from extensive development to elaborating the development of the transition, transformation means that the pain, and once had a "pain" period, domestic wire and cable industry will usher in a new future!



Key-word:Cable, electric power, electrical, cable, cable, lead, electrical appliances

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